Dec. 15, 1936. J HEJCKMAN 2,064,470
' OVERHEAD noon Filed Jan. 1 7, 1931 i4 Sheets-Sheet 1 digs J J. A. HECKMAN Dec '15, 1936.
ovEfiunAn DOOR Filed Jan. 17, 1931 14 Sheets-Sheet 2 I 4. (CH/gs.
J. A. HECKMAN OVERHEAD noon Dec. 15, 1936.
Filed Jan. 17, 1931 14 Sheets-Sheet 3 alga J. K HECKMAN Dec. 15, 1936.
OVERHEAD DOOR l4 Sheets-She'et 4 Filed Jan. 17, 1931 Dec. 15, 1936. J. A. HECKMAN OVERHEAD DOOR Filed Jan. 17, 1931 14 Sheets-Sheet 5 Ill" Ill Deb. 15, 1936. HECKMAN I I 2,064,470
OVERHEAD DOOR Filed Jan. 17, 1931 14 Sheets-Sheet 6 Dec; 15, 1936. J A. HECKMAN 2,064,470
OVERHEAD noon- Filed Jan. 17, 1931 14 Sheets-Sheet 7 Dec. 15, 1936.
J. A. HECKMAN OVERHEAD DOOR Filed Jan. 17, 1931 14 Sheets-Sheet 8- Dec. .15, 1936.
J. A. HECKMAN OVERHEAD DOOR Filed Jan. 17, 1931 14 Sheets-Sheet 9 Dec. 15, 1936. J A. HECKMAN OVERHEAD DOOR Filed Jan. 17, 1931 Dec. 15, 1936. J. A. HECKMAN OVERHEAD DOOR Filed Jan. 17, 1931 14 Sheets-Sheet 11 Dec. 15, 1936.
J. A. HECKMAN OVERHEAD DOOR Filed Jan. 1'7, 1931 14 Sheets-Sheet 12 Dec; 15, 1936. 1 1A. HECKMAN 2,064,470
OVERHEIAD noon Filed Jan. 17, 1931 14 Sheets-Sheet 13 W,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, v 297 v e Dec. 15,1936. J[ A. HECKMAN ,0
OVERHEAD DOOR Filed Jan. 17, 19:51 14 Sheets-Sheet 14 Patented Dec. 15, 1936' UNITED STATE OVERHEAD noon John A. Heckman, Lincoln, Nebn, assignor, by
direct and Wilcox Manufacturing Company, a corporation of Illinois Application January 17, 1931, Serial 26 Claims. (Cl. 20-20) The present invention relates to overhead doors of the general type adapted to be moved from a-substantially vertical closed position to an approximately horizontal open position adjacent to or above the top of the doorway. Doors of this type have particular application to garages and in the following disclosures of preferred embodiments of my invention I have shown constructions particularly designed for garages, although it will be understood that the invention is not limited to thisspecific type of closure.
These doors generally comprise a series of horizontally disposed, hingedly connected panels having rollers at their side edges which travel in tracks at the sides of the doorway. Said tracks comprise substantially vertical portions for holdmg the door in its closed position, and substantially horizontal or inwardly extending portions for supporting the door in its open or overhead position. The vertical and horizontal portions of the tracks are joined by curved portionsof move from the vertical portions to the horizontal portions in traveling between open and closed v positions of the door.
lems encountered in the average garage installa-- tion is that of overhead clearance between the level of the top of the doorway and the roof of -the garage or the structural supports for the roof,
' space is required to accommodate the overhead portions of the tracks, the counterbalancing means, and the movement of the door between open and closed positions. 1
One of the objects of the'invention is to pro- 'vide improved means for counterbalancing the arrangement of counterbalancing means which the counterbalancing forces efiective at counterbalancing means which is carried by the door structure. In one representative form of my invention 7 I prises a novel relationof spring means and cable sheaves disposed above the doorwayin a compact of vertical-space above the doorway, meansand cable sheaves cooperatingto equalize the counterbalancing forces efiective at opposite 4 tion the counterbalancing means the door structure, such arrangement completely obviating the n essity for any space above or be-. low the horizontal track po ons or atany other .suilicient radius to enable the panels to easily" improved, means One of the principal probwardly towards its stantially vertical portions is necessary to design" these door and, more specifically, to provide a spring v i closure without opposing f opposite edges of the door, and also to provide the counterbalancing means com- I arrangement which only requires a small amount I the spring edges of the door. Inanother form of my invenis carried by .7
: ing the. door in mesne assignments, to Richards- Aurora, 111.,
the door. As Lhave previously remarked in a 5' 1 large proportion or perhaps the majority of garage installations the overhead clearance above the top of the'doorway is quite limited; 'accord ingly, it is necessary in these installations to have the horizontal portions of the tracks disposed-at a level closeto the top of the doorway or perhaps even below the top; In such cases, the curved portions of the tracks must start their rearward curvature at a point below the'top of the doorway and this introduces a problem in causing the top of the upper panel to move into closed posi tion against the upperportions of the jambs and against the top of the doorway. My invention embodies improved means whicheffectively closes the top panel against the doorway and which does not require any additional yertical clearance. Another object of the invention is to provide for obtaining a weathertight the sides .of the door and the the door is being moved downclosed position or upwardly towards its open position itsitravel in the sub- 7 of the tracks should be unhindered by any app eciable frictional engagement with the-jambs or other portions of the doorway, otherwise it will be difficult to open and close the door and the action of the counterbalancing means will be irregular. However, when the door is in its closedposition a substantially weather-tight joint should be established between. 5 the sides of the door and the doorway to exclude snow, .rain. and cold, and to. prevent rattling of the door by the wind, My invention provides improved means for effecting this weathertight tional resistance to towards or.
closure between doorway. When the travel of the door when'movin'g away from its closed position. 1 H
Another obj v t of the invention is to provide an improved construction and arrangement of Y electric motor driven operating mechanism for this general type of door; and to provide improved control means forthe electric motor. Other objectsof myinvention are to provide improved safety means for instantly arresting the descent of the d rif one oithe counterbalancing cables. shouldbreak or it the counterbalauc- -ing means should'otherwise be rendered ineflfee tive; -'to provid 7 improved locking means for lock-.-
improved construction ot guide roller; and to 5 its closed position; to provide an a a door being broken otherwise improve upon the hardware and littings for this general type of door, as will hereinafter appear from the following description. While the present disclosures of my invention have been devised primarily for garage installations, nevertheless it will be understood that certain fundamental principles of my invention can be embodied in pier doors and other types of closures where the closure more or less vertically between its open and closed positions.
In the accompanying drawings illustrating preferred embodiments of my invention:
Figure 1 is an elevational my improved door in its closed position, as viewed from the inner side of the doorway;
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view through the doorway;
Figure 3 is an inner elevational view, partly in section, of one embodiment of my invention showing the oounterbalancing means disposed above the doorway, intermediate portions of the away to reduce the height of the illustration;
Figure 4 is a side view, partly in section, of one of the swiveled sheave blocks forming part of the counterbalancing mechanism;
Figure 5 is an blocks;
Figure 6 is an inner fragmentary view of a modified construction in which the same general type of counterbalancing mechanism is mounted directly on the door;
Figure 7 is a fragmentary side view of the latter construction;
Figures 8-16 are difierent views of a modified construction wherein the counterbalanoing mechanism is also mounted directly on the door, Figure 8 being a fragmentary side elevational view of this modified embodimen Figure 9 is a fragmentary inner view, partly in section, of this latter embodiment;
Figure 10 is also a fragmentary inner view on a larger scale, showing in longitudinal section ancing mechanism;
Flgure 11 is a verticalsectional view taken on the plane of the line H'-l| end view of one of these sheave Figure 12 is a side elevational view of one of the winding drums, viewed in the direction of the arrows l2-l2 of Figure 13,
in section, to a view Figure Figure 14 is a side elevational viewof the' with the latter embodiment-of; counterbalancing sure is a sid vi w. Dq'fliatic, showing a diif t arrangementof the cables for the latter type of counterbalancing m chanism; Figure 18 is a similar vlewfshowing the use of pinions and racks for the latter type or coun- 4 m chanism instead of winding drums and cablu;
member is movedviews, respectively,
view of one form of Figure 19 is ahorizontal sectional view through one of the'guide tracks equipped with a rack, for use with the construction illustrated in Figure 18;
Figures 20 and 21 are detail perspective views showing the juncture between the main overhead portions of the guide tracks and the deflecting track portions for controlling the top panel;
Figures 22 and 23 are plan and side elevational of a modified form of top panel controlling mechanism;
Figure 24 is a fragmentary side elevational view of a portion of the door and adjacent guide track structure, showing another modified form of top panel controlling mechanism;
Figure 25 is a horizontal sectional view through one edge of the door showing one form of sealing means for effecting a weather-tight joint between the door and doorway;
Figure 26 is a fragmentary side elevational View of one of the shiftable jamb members used in the type of sealing means illustrated in Figure 25;
Figure 27 is a bottom end view of shiftable jamb members;
.Figure 28 is a fragmentary side elevational view of an installation employing a modified one of the construction of sealing means wherein the lower track ment;
Figure 29 is a longitudinal sectional view through the lower portion of one of these shiftable track sections, illustrating one form of mechanism for positively'lift'ing -the,track section and for holding it in lifted position; v
Figure 30 is afront elevational view of the latter construction;
Figure 31 is 'a transverse portions are mounted for shifting movesectional view taken approximately on the plane of the line iii-3| of Figure 29;
different method of obtaining a weather-tight joint between the door and doorway, this 'view corresponding substantially to a section taken on the plane of the line 32-32 of Figure 33;
Figure 33 is a view, partly. in section, looking upwardly along the line of the guide track illustrated in Figure 32;
Figure 34 is a side elevational view, on a larger scale, of the upper portion of a modified construction, wherein the top edge of the upper panel is also moved to closed position by the shiftable track sections;
Figures 35 and 36 are detail views illustrating an adjustable keeper which can be associated with the locking mechanisms of any of the preceding embodiments;
Figure 37 is a detail mechanism which may view' 6: a form of latch be employed to hold the Figure 38 is a detail view of a simplified form of locking mechanism for automatically descent of the door if the cableshould break;
Figure 39 is a perspective view of an improved 'door in open position;
construction of binge devised for these overhead doors;
Figure 40 is a longitudinal sectional view through this hinge, taken on themedian plane Figure 41 is a longitudinal view of an improved type of these overhead doors, with theparts thereof shown in separated relation;
guide wheel or roller for ,Figure'42 is a similar sectional view showing the wheel completely formed;
Figure 43 is an elevational view of the inner side of the present type of door, provided with I motor driven operating mechanism;
Figure 44 is a side view thereof;
Figure 45 is an inner elevational view on a larger scale, partly in section, showing the driving relation between the electric motor and the shaft which carries the winding drums at the the spring reel or drum for winding up the conductor cable leading to the electric motor on the door; 1
Figure 49 is a horizontal axial sectional view through this spring reel; and
Figure 50 is a circuit diagram of the electrical connections which may be employed in this electrically operated type of door.
Referring first to Figures. 1 and 2, which show the main parts of a typical installation, the doorway 36 of the garage is defined between the usual side jambs 31 and the upper lintel or cross bar 38. The front wall 39 of the garage continues from the lintel 38 up to the roof, and the walls or roof may be braced by any suitable arrangementi of longitudinal or transverse cross braces 40 typical of ordinary garage construction.
The present door comprisesa series of horizontally extending panels or sections, there being. four of these panels 4|, 42, 43, and 44 shown although any greater or lesser number of panels may be used. The meeting edges of adjoining panels are hinged together by end hinges 45 and intermediate hinges 46. All of the panels may be solid, or the upper panel may have window lights therein. Projecting from the sides of the panels are guide rollers 41 which travel in the guide tracks at the sides of the doorway. There may be any desired number of these rollers for the door, but in the preferred arrangement said rollers are provided at the bottom edge of the lower panel, and in proximity to the hinge axes. of the several panels, and a pair of rollers 41a are mounted adjacent to the llpp r edge of the top panel 44 for controlling this top panel. In such arrangement the intermediate pairs of guide rollers are preferably mounted on the hinge pins of the outer hinges 45, as I shall presently describe.
The guide tracks or rails in which these rollers travel are generally indicated at and comprise the substantially vertical portions 52 extending more or less parallel to the doorway 36 or jambs 31, the curved'portions 53 which curve rearwardly back into the garage from the upper bracing beams 40 or other frame portion of the garage as by the hanger bracket 55 or the like.
In garage structures where the overhead clearance is comparatively small by reason of the roof or ceiling being in close proximity to the top cross member 38 of the doorway, or by reason 'of the cross braces 40 being comparatively low,
it is usually necessary to have the curved portions 53 of the tracks start their rearward curvature below the top cross member 38 so as to dispose the horizontal track portions 54 within the limited overhead clearance. In other garage structures where there is ample overhead clearance, enabling the horizontal track portions 54 to be disposed at a higher level, the curved portions '53 .need not start their rearward curvature at a point below the top of the doorway. In the former instance where the overhead clearance is limited it is usually necessary to provide a different arrangement of apparatus for causing the top panel 44 to move into closed position against the cross rail 38 and upper portions of the jambs, as I shall hereinafter describe.
counterbalancing mechanism In Figures 3, 4, and 5 I have illustrated in detail one form of improved counterbalancing mechanism which is disposed above the doorway and extends generally parallel thereto. Two flexible members 58 in the form of cables or chains are.
fastened at their lower ends to the lower corners of the bottom panel 4| and extend upwardly to sheave blocks or guides 59 mounted above the doorway. The guide rollers 41 and 41-11 are mounted on pins 51 projecting from the side edges of the door, and the vertical stretches of the cables 58 pass, from their lower points of attachment on the door to the overhead sheave blocks 59, along the outer sides of the pins 51, that is, the cables are disposed between the outer sides of the pins 51 and the outer side of the door. By so disposing the cables they may be arranged in planes between the side edges of the door and the guide tracks, which is the preferred relation, without interfering with themovement of the guide rollers and pins back along the overhead portions of the tracks. It will be understood that, if desired, the vertical stretches of the cables may be disposed outside the planes of the guide tracks. Each cable passes inwardly over the. top of the sheave glock 59 to a sheave block 6| around which it is reeved. Connecting straps or clevis members 62 are mounted on the pivot axles 63 of the two sheaves GI, and extend towards each other for attachment to the opposite ends of spring means 64. This spring means may consist of a single tension spring, or where wider, heavier doors require more counterbalancing energy, two or more. springs may be arranged in parallel. In Figure 1 I have shown three springs 64 in parallel relation with their opposite ends secured to evener bars 62'. These evener bars may be pivotally connected to the clevis members 62 for evenly distributing the tension between the two or more springs, or these bars 62, may be rigid with the clevis members 62. In Figure 3 I have shown two tension springs 64 and 64', one within the other, there being sufficient space between the springs so that the convolutions of one spring will not interfere with those of the other. The opposite ends of both springs are connected to the clevis members 62-62. The arrangement of one spring within the other is advantageous where it is desired that the entire counterbalancing mechanism have a minimum vertical dimension. The tension of the spring means 64 is so proportioned to the mechanical advantage of the sheave blocks 59 and 6| as to substantially counterbalancethe weight of the door in each of its different positions in the 7 travel between open and closed positions.
looped around successive pulleys and fastened at one end to either of thesheave blocks. Each sheave block 59 is preferably pivotally mounted for swiveling on a horizontal axis. As shown in Figures 4 and 5, the pulleys 5911 are mounted between the arms of a yoke 66, the transverse portion of which is secured to or constitutes a part of a bracket member 61. This bracket member has a hole therein through which a mounting bolt 68 extends, said bolt being supported ina plate 69 constituting a part of the installed unit, or being secured to any other stationary member above the doorway. The bracket 61' is arranged to swing inwardly or outwardly around the horizontal axis of the bolt 68, and to insure freedom in this swinging movement ball bearings 1 I may be interposed between race grooves in the bracket 61 and race collars 12 mounted on the bolt 68. The swiveled mounting of each sheave block 59 enables the block to align itself with the line of pull acting down through the cable to the lower corner of the door. Referring to Figure 5, it will be seen that one of the pulley wheels 59ain this instance the outer wheel-is aligned vertically with the swiveling axis of the block. The vertical stretch of the cable extending up from the door passes over this outer-wheel and inwardly 'to the corresponding wheel of theinner sheave block 6|. Hence the pull onthis portion of the cable is always aligned with the swiveling axis of the outer sheave block 59. Each yoke 66 carries a downwardly disposed U-shaped fork orguide 13 be tween the sides of which the cable passes in running on the sheave block 59. Lateral deflection of the cable presses against one side or the other of the fork l3 and compels the sheave block 59 to swing correspondingly. Thus, as the door travels up to its overhead position and the lower edge of the door swings inwardly to some extent along the curved portions 53 of the tracks the sheaves 59 can swivel to align themselves with this slightly diiterent angle of pull of the cables so that there is no possibility of the cables running off the sheaves or binding thereon. Such also enables a latitude of positioning of the sheaves in the installation to be obtained since they can be located from the fact that the opposite ends of the same spring transmit lifting forces to the opposite sides of the door and hence the forces are always necessarily the same so that there is never any tendency for thedoor to bind or drag because of unequalized counterbalancing. As the door travels up to its overhead position the diminishing tension of the spring; in proportion to the compounding of the cables around the sheaves 59 and 6|, is such that automatic compensation is made in direct proportion to the decreasing portions 54.
V the sheave blocks or to the bracket weight of the door pulling downwardly on the cables. Adjustments of the counterbalancing tension may be made at any desired point in the system, although I preferably effect these adjustments at the upper dead ends of the cablea the latter preferably being connected to an extension arm 66a projecting from the yoke 66 01' each sheave block 59, any suitable adjustment being provided between the end of the cable and such arm. Obviously, an adjustment at one point is equalized between both sides of the door. For doors of comparatively wide span and considerable weight I may employ chains instead of cables, and effect adjustment by hooking different links at the ends of the chains over hooks or pins on the extension arms 66a.
It will be observed that by extending the counterbalancing mechanism across and directly above the doorway a. minimum overhead clearance is required and there are no difliculties in having the spring means and sheaves clearcross braces in the garage; also, there are no fixed points of anchorage required other than those for the bolts 68 directly at the sides of the curved track portions 53. This greatly simplifies installation. In some installations it is possible to install this counter-balancing mechanism in the approximately triangular space 15 (Figure 28) defined on the outer sides of the curved track portions 53 between the. planes of the vertical and horizontal track portions, and in such installations no part of the entire assembly then extends above the plane assumed by the door when in its open'position on the horizontal track Where more than one spring is desirable, the use of a spring within a spring, as shown in Figure 3, enables the vertical dimension of the counterbalancing mechanism to be reduced, where this is a factor in installation.
Figures 6 and 7 illustrate this same type of counter-balancing mechanism mounted on and moving with the door. In this arrangement, the cables 58 are secured at their upper ends to brackets I6 or other fixed points of attachment adjacent to the upper portions of the guide tracks and extend down along the edgesor inner side of the door'to a similar compounding arrangement of multiple sheaves 59 and GI which are mounted on the inner side of the door adja cent to the lower edge thereof. The multiple group of outer sheaves 59 is mounted in a bracket 11 which is suitably secured to the door. An arm 18 extending from this bracket, or a separate bracket arm, supports a guide pulley 19 at a point spaced out from the side edge of the door so that the vertical stretch of the cable in passing around'this pulley will be disposed outside the plane of the guide track at each side of the door. The pulley 19 is mounted for swiveling movement on a horizontal swiveling axis 8| which is substantially aligned with the horizontal run of the cable passing inwardly to the multiple sheave blocks. Thus the pulley 19 can swivel to agree with the different angles of the vertfqalstr'etch of the cable as the door moves between open and closed positions, without tending to cause the cabie to run off the multiple sheaves 596i.' The cable isreeved around successive wheels of these multiple sheaves in substantially the manner described in the preceding embodiment, and is dead-ended to one of Th same'construction and arrangement is duplicates at the opposite edge of the door. The spring means 64 connected to the two inner movable spring within a spring as shown in Figure 3.
This embodiment has the same equalizing action as the preceding embodiment, and it will be particularly noted that-by mounting the counterbalancing mechanism on the door no overhead space whatever is necessary for this mechanism. As above described, the vertical stretches of the cables 58 are preferably disposed outside of the substantially vertical planes of the guide tracks 5| where they. will not interfere with the movement of the guide rollers 41 back along the overhead portions of the tracks, although, if desired, by locating the fixed points of attachment 16 for the upper ends of the cables below the upper portions of the tracks, or within the curved porabout an axis extending substantially parallel' to the door. vBoth winding drums 85 are mounted on the end portions of a sleeve 86 extending beyond the side edges of the door. Collars 81 are mounted on the ends of the sleeve 86, beyond the winding drums 85, and rotating on these collars are guide rollers 41, an anti-friction ball bearing 88 being interposed between the sleeve 81 and guide roller 41, if desired. The rollers 41 travel in the guide tracks, as previously described. The sleeve 86 is rotatably mounted in a housing structure 89 carried by the door. Bearing support for the sleeve is afforded by two outer bearing blocks 9I and two intermediate bearing blocks 92, all secured to the housing structure 89 by set screws 93. The sleeve may have plain bearings in these blocks, although I preferably dispose anti-friction roller bearings 94 in a recess in each block for rotatably supporting the sleeve 86. The counterbalancing tension is established by two coiled torsion springs 95 encircling opposite end portions of the sleeve 86 within the housing 89. The. inner end of each spring is fixedly anchored to a notched out portion of each intermediate bear- ,mg block 92, as indicated at 96, and the outer end of each spring is suitably secured to a collar trate each cable 58 as taking off its winding.
drum at the inner side thereof, and in such arrangement the cables extend up into curved supports I8I following the curved portions 53 of the tracks aroundthe inner sides thereof, the cables thence extending rearwardly below the horizontal track portions 54 and being suitably fixedly anchored at points adjacent to the rear ends of these horizontal track portions. Each curved support starts approximately at the lower end -of' the curved track portion 53 and terminates adjacent to the upper end of said curved portion, serving merely to support the cable in an arc generally concentric to the curved portion of the track, although these supporting members I8I may be extended further if desired. As shown in Figure 9 they preferably consist of plates secured to the outer sides of the guide tracks and having inwardly extending flange portions I82 having upwardly turned lips at their inner extremities to form a trough for supporting the cable. The flanges I82 are spaced sufficiently inwardly from the curved, track portions 53 to permit the winding drums 85 to travel along the outer curved surfaces of said flanges. It will be seen that.such arrangement disposes each cable parallel to the vertical, curved, and horizontal portions of each track in inwardly'and downwardly spaced relation thereto. In .this embodiment of my invention the axis of the winding drums 85 maybe disposed at any elevated point along the height of the door because the, horizontal stretch of each cable can be extended back to any desired point under the overhead portions of the guide tracks. Manifestly, such embodiment requires no overhead clearance whatever for the counterbalancing mechanism. In Figure 17, I have illustrated another form in which the cable 58 takes off the front side of each winding drum 85 and has its upper end anchored at I85 substantially directly above the vertical portion of the track. Each winding drum may be disposed between the edge of the door and the adjacent guide tracks (in the general relation shown in Figure 10) with .the upward stretch of the cable disposed on the outer sides of the roller pins 51 where the cable will not interfere with the movement of the roll- -ers back along the overhead portion of the tracks; or the winding drums 85 may be spaced outwardly in planes beyond the planes of the guide tracks. When having the cables take off the front sides of the winding sheaves 85 it is to sheaves or drums-rotating about an axis extending parallel with the door I may combine automatic and manually actuated locking mechanism with the rotating member 86 on which the sheaves or drums are mounted. Referring to Figures 10, 11, 12, 13, etc., it will be seen that two duplicate shafts I81 are arranged for endwise reciprocation in the bore of the sleeve 86. The ends of these shafts or rods are adapted to be projected outwardly beyond the ends of the sleeve 86 for effecting locking engagement with the opposite tracks 5|. To this end, the outer web portions of both vertical track sections are provided with holes I88 adapted to receive the projected ends of the locking shafts, one of these holes beingfprovided in each track at a point to receive the associated shaft when-the door is in its completely closed position, and further holes being provided at successively higher points for 40 desirable that the axis of these sheaves be disreceiving the shafts for automatially arresting descent of the door in the event that the cable 6 or spring means should break, as I shall presently describe. The manual projection or retraction of the locking shafts or bolts I81 from the lower holes I 88 is effected by the rotation of a locking handle I89 projecting from the front of the door. This handle is mounted on a shaft extending into the casing 89 and having sea cured thereto oppositely facing cams III. III disposed between the front wall of the casing and the sleeve 86, substantially as shown in Figure 11. When the handle is rotated in one direction these cams exert spreading pressure against two collars H2, H2 for forcing them in outward directions along the sleeve 88.. These collars carry transverse pins H8 which extend inwardly through longitudinal slots 4 in the sleeve 88 and which pass through or engage in the adjacent end of the companion locking bolt I01. Thus, the outward separating movement of the two collars II2 transmits outward projecting movement to the two locking bolts. Light compression springs II5 are confined between the collars I12 and the adjacent bearing blocks 82 for normally tending to shift the collars and the locking bolts inwardly towards each other, so that when the manual locking handle I08 is rotated in the other direction these springs will withdraw the locking bolts from the lower holes I08 in the tracks.
Referring now to the automatic safety mechanism, each winding drum 85 is mounted so that it can have a limited amount of rotation relative to the sleeve 86, as determined by a pin II1 which is secured in the adjacent locking bolt I01 and which extends out through a'longitudinal elongated slot H8 in the sleeve 88 and engages in a triangularly shaped opening H8 in the hub I2I of the winding drum 85 (see Figures 13 and 14) When the locking bolt is retracted to releasing position the pin I I1 lies at the inner end of the slot H8 and at the inner narrow end of the triangular opening II8, and-when the locking bolt is projected outwardly to locking position this pin is at the opposite ends of both openings. One side of the triangular opening H8 is formed with an inclined cam surface 8' which, in the event of relative rotational movement towards the pin II1, functions to cam the pin in an outward direction for projecting the bolt to its outward locking position. Referring to Figures 12 and 13, at another point around on the hub I2I there is formed an arcuate slot I28 from which projects a pin I24 to which one end of a tension spring I25 is connected, the other end of this spring being anchored to the web of the winding drum. The inner end of the pin I24 is anchored to the sleeve 88 and, if desired, a segment block I28, of shorter angular length than the slot I23, may be secured in the slot by the pin I24 passing therethrough and being secured to the sleeve 88. This pin and segment block hold the'sheave 85 against shifting along the sleeve but permit the sheave to rotate to a limited extent relatively to the sleeve. In the normal condition of the parts the counterbalancing tension of the springs 85 tends to rotate the sleeve 88 in a clockwise direction as viewed in Figure 13 and this tension, preponderating over the tension of the spring I25, holds the pin I24 or segment I28 against the right hand end of the slot I28, at which time the pin H1 is at the inner ends of the two openings H8 and H8. If either cable 58 should accidentally break or become unfastened from its upper point of anchorage there is' no reaction pull tending to hold the sheave in such relation to the sleeve,
and hence the spring I 25 immediately snaps the sheave around in a clockwise direction (as viewed in Figure 13) with the result that the cam sur-' face I I8' revolves toward the pin Ill. This forces said pin outwardly and projects the associated locking bolt I01 outwardly into one of the holes I08 in the track so tiat the door is instantly locked against descent. The tension of the spring" I25 tending to cam the locking bolt in an outward direction is sufllcient to overcome the terclockwise direction relatively to the sheave (Figure 13) with the result that the cam surface I I8 and the-pin I I1 have this same relative movement for forcing the locking bolt outwardly into one of the holes I08 to lock the door against accidental descent. Thus, the mechanism safeguards -the device against breaking or releasing of the cables or of the counterbalancing spring means, so that under no circumstance can the door accidentally fall upon a person or car. It will be understood that both winding drums or sheaves have this same cam and pinconnection with their associated locking bolts I01. The counterbalancing tension may be adjusted by rotating one of the drums 85 in one direction or the other before the ends of the cables are fastened thereto. To facilitate performing this operation, a series of apertured bosses I28 (Figure 15) project inwardly from each winding drum, to one side of the channel portion thereof, for receiving a tool inserted from the outer side of the drum and by which the necessary leverage can be exerted for rotating the drum before the cables are attached thereto.
This automatic safety locking mechanism may be incorporated in embodiments where the cables ta'te oil thefront sides of the drums 85, as shown in Figure 17. In such adaptations the relations of the springs would be reversed for the opposite direction of winding rotation of the drums, and the locking holes I08 in the tracks would preferably be extended down to lower points because in those embodiments it is desirable to dispose the winding drums adjacent to the lower edge of the door. 1
The automatic safety locking mechanism may be employed independently of the manually actuated locking handle I08, but where the latter is also incorporated in the structure it is advantageous to be able to dispose the mechanism 'housing 88 slightly higher on the door to facilitate establishing an operative connection between the handle I08 and the locking bolts I01 and to dispose .the handle in a convenient position. The present mechanism has this capability of being mounted at any desired height on the door, and as illustrative thereof I have, in Figures 10 and 11, shown the mechanism built into the door approximately at the meeting line between the bottom panel H and the second panel 42. In this instance the housing 88 is of rectangular box-like form to form the upper portion of the lower panel, and the line of hinge connections between the two panels is formed along the inner or rear wall of this housing, this hinge axis being indicated at 45 in Figure 11. The hinges comprise a series of spaced lower plates I 8| (Figure 16) rigidly secured to the lower panel H and a series of upper plates I82 rigidly secured to'the second panel 42, these plates extending across the inner side of the spring housing 88 and having their meeting edges curled" to form the hinge eyes for receiving the hinge pins. Screws I84 pass through the lower plates I8I directly below the hinge axis and thread into the bearing blocks 8| and 82 for securing the plates I8I to the spring housing and bearing blocks. Holes I85 in the lower end plates