Driving gear

Abstract

Claims

May 23, 1939, w. R. GORHAM DRIVING GEAR Filed May 12 1937 5 Sheet s-Sheet 1 I'NVEIVTOR, Wm. 72. Gar/18m pow A TORMEYS. w. R. GQRHAM 2,159,694 DRIVING GEHAR May 23, 1939. Filed May 12, 1937 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 all. INVENTOR, M722. 7%. Gar/1am ATTORNEYS. y 23, w. R. GORHAM 2,159,694 DRIVING GEA Filed May 12, 1957' 5 Sheets-Sheet s IN VEN TOR. 2 Wm. 72. Gar/2am 5 y BY. M H May 23, 19 39. w. R. GORHAM DRIVING GEAR Filed may 12, 1'95? 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR. r i Patented May 23, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENTOFFICE v y DRIVING GEAR J M j winam R. Gorhani; Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, Japan Application May 12, 1937, Serial No. 142,269 In Japan February 6, 1937 11 Claims. (01. 74-333) This invention relates to improvements in driving gear of the variable speed reduction type whichis more particularly designed for driving. thetool spindles of turret lathes. i The invention has for its object to provide a driving gear wherein the driving motor, clutch and reduction gear are of simple construction and compactly arranged for convenient adjustment I and economical manufacture and assembly; 10 Further objects and advantages will be ap* parent from the following specification considered in connection with the accompanying draw? ings, in which: l ' Figure lisalongitudinal sectional view through H the complete driving gear including the driving 1motor, clutch device and variable speed trans; f; mission mechanism" showing the drive gearadjusted for low speed transmission. v 1 . Fig. 21s a detailview showing therposition of 2 theclutch control device in the position it assumes with the driving gear transmission. i l l 3 is a fragmentary detail section of the driving gear adjusted for second or intermediate 25gear transmission. Fig. 4' is a view similar to Fig.2showing the clutch adjusting device and the position it occupies when the driving gear is in'the condition adjusted for low speed f shown in Fig. 3. 1 5 is a view similar to Fig.' 3 showing the clutch engaged for high speed transmission. PFig. 6 is a view similar to Figs. '2 and 4 show- .ingrthe clutch control device in theposition' it occupieswhen the clutch is fully engaged. thelclutch and variable speed transmission mechanism in locked position. I j n' Fig. 8 is' a detail'viewof the clutch control device showing the position of the latter with the 40 parts of the driving gear adjusted as shown in I Fig. 9 is a view similar to Fig. 7 showing the free position of the driving gear with the gear wheels of the intermediate train radially dis- 1 placed from meshing position. Fig. 10is a detail view of the clutch control device showing -itsposition when the. parts of the driving gear occupy the position shown in Fig. 9. v .Fig, 11 is a fragmentary viewsimilar to Fig. 1 .50 showing a, modification ofthe clutch control device. l i I I... Jig. 12 is .a plan development of the surface of the cylinder having the cam groove-therein. ,Fi'gs. 13 and 14 are detail sectional views of fthe modification shown in Fig. 11.- I 36" '7 is a view similar to Figs. 3 and 5 showing Referring to the drawings in detail In designates a portion of the machine frame upon which is mounted the motor casing II and the change speed gear and clutch casing l2, the two casings being separated by a partition wall l3. The ma- 5 chine. spindle l4' passes longitudinally through both casings H and I2 and isrotatably supported in bearings l5 provided in the end walls of the casings. An electricmotor including a stator I6 and a 10 rotor I! is mounted in the casing II, the rotor being supported on the hollow drive shaft l8 and telescopically arranged over the spindle l4 and located between the bearings l5. The shaft 18 isrotatably mounted at one end in a ball bearing I9 the outer race of which is fiXGd'tO the drive shaft l8 and the inner race of which is slidable along the spindle M to accommodate axial movem'entof 'thedrive shaft. Adjacent its opposite end, the drive shaft I8 is mounted in a bearing 20 2|] the inner race of which is secured against axial movement on the shaft l8 and the outer race being arranged to moveaxiallyin a guide 2| forming part of thepartition wall 13. Owing to the arrangement of the races of the ball bearings I9 and 20, the drive shaft [8 is mounted for rotary and axial movements on the spindle l4. A supporting shaft 22 for the "intermediate gear i'wheels is arranged in'the gear casing l2 and is eccentrically disposed with respect to a trunnion 23 journalled in the partition wall 13. The opposite end of the eccentric shaft 22 is rigidly attached to a cam'cylinder 24 which is rotatably mounted in the casing l2 about the axis of the trunnion 23. An intermediate gear wheel 25is supported by'a bearing 26 on one end of the ec'-' centric shaft 22 and is provided with a hub-like extension 21 rotatably mounted in the cylinder 24. by bearings 28. The gear wheel 25 meshes with a small driving pinion 29 rigid with'the drive shaft I8 and having the teeth thereof extended in the axial direction to accommodate longitudinal movement of the drive shaft relatively to the gear wheel 25. Low and second speed gearwheels 30 and 3| rigidly coupled in spaced relation are slidably keyed on the hub 21 and arerespectively engageable with the driven gear wheels 32 and 33 disposed in close relation and rigidly fixed to the machine spindle l4. 1 Y .The adjacent faces of the gear wheel 32 and the *drive shaft-l8 are formed with clutch'teeth 34 and 35 which, when engaged by axial movement of the drive shaft,.provide a direct drive between said drive shaft and the machine spindle 55 4 for rotating the latter at the same speed as the rotor Engagement and disengagement of the clutch teeth 34-35 is effected by a pair of cams 33 carried by shafts 31 suitably journalled in the gear casing. The outer race of the drive shaft bearing 20 is confined between the cams 36 and incident to the synchronized movement of the latter, said bearing together with the drive shaft are moved axially. The combined gear shiftingzan'diclutch control device includes a control rod 38 slidably mounted in the wall of the casing I2 and provided withaa pivoted follower 39 engaging in the cam groove 40 of the cylinder 24. formed with a recess 4| receivingthe intermediate gear wheel 3| and adapted, through longitudinal movement of said rod to shift the gear wheels 30 and 3| in the axial direction, themecess 4| being of suflicient depth to accommodate the radial displacement of the gear wheels 30 and3l which isreffected by rotation o'f the eccentric. shaft 1 22. One end of the control mod-38 is extended externally of the casing :andcprovided with "rack teeth 42 meshing 1 with :the :pinions 43 carried by the .shafts .31 whereby synchronous movement is imparted :to :said shafts and ithe cams 36 ii-xed thereto uduring .sliding :movement of the :control rod. The opposite end of the control rod is also extended externally of fthe=casing= and is provided with aninspectionslot fl. The vcam cylinder 1-24 is Lprovided with an 1 adjusting knob 4.5:having:appropriate'legendsfthereon for indicating the various positions of the 7 gear, such, for instance, as First, *Second-, High, fFree:and iLock. These=legends are so arranged circumferentially'iabout the knob :15 that when thercam cylinder is-movedtto-a position corresponding thereto, the related :legend is legends :and therpositions :of the 'foliower indicated indo'ttedflines. As shown in Fig. *5, 'the 'gear :is adjusted for high speed, that is to :-say, the 'Iintermediate gear wheels ann 3| 'are moved axially rand radially-out of :mesh with the :driven gears :32 and 33 and thecams136 have been :actuated =bytthe rack 42 and .pinions 413 *so ;as to-displa'c'e the :drive shaft =|18 :axially thereby engaging the clutch members 5314 and 335 38.116. establishing {a :direct driving connection between the drive *shaft and the machine spindle '.|4. In ithiStpOSitiOXI, Ith'e-eccentric shaft 22 is turned :into :such :an'gular :position that the large intermediate gear T25 11S moved radially out of mesh with theidrivingpinion 29 and thus the .entirerset of intermediate gear wheels 30 and '3I :are moved axially and machine spindle. Also in this position of the gear, the control rod 38 occupiesits extreme'le'fthand position and owing to the arrangement of the cams 36 they act on the outer race -of the bearing 20 to displace the latter axially together with the drive shaft 18 and thereby engage the clutch 34- 35." In all-other adjustments of the reduction gear with the exception "of the loo The control rod '38 *isposition, the cams 36 are so disposed as to retain the drive shaft IS in its right-hand position so that the clutch members 34-35 are disengaged. When the knob 45 is turned to lock position the follower 39 occupies the position indicated in Fig. 12 and the parts of the reduction gear are disposed as shown in Fig. 7. In this condition, the clutch members 34 and 35 remain partially engaged and the eccentric shaft 22 is turned to a position in which the intermediate gear wheel 30 meshesfwit'h the driven gear wheel 32, the axial displacement of the gear 30 necessary for eeffecting this engagement having been imparted to the gear set 30-3| by the longitudinal move- =ment-of the control rod 33 in following inclina- -tion.of..the cam.,groove 46. The position 'of the uriven gear wheel "32, as shown inFig'. 1. During this longitudinal movement of the rod 38, the cams 3B are turned to the position shown in Fig? 2 in which the drive shaft |8 is so "displaced as to completely disengage the clutch members "34 and 35. In thi's 'low-speed adjustment, the mo-- tion of the drive *shaft I8 is transmitted to the intermediate gear wheel 30 through the drive pinion 39 and gear wheel 25 to the spindle '|4 through the gear wheel 32. To adjust the reduction gear for second or' intermediate speed, the knob '45 is turned to the position'shown in Fig. 3 in which the follower '39 occupies a position in the cam groove 41 and thereby positions thei eccentric shaft 22 .to move thegear=wheels 30-and 3| radially into theplane of-mesh with the gear wheels 32 and33. The; axial movement imparted tothe gear wheel'i3l by the displacement 'of the control rod "38 moves it into mesh with the gear wheel 33, the' gear wheel 32 occupyings azposition between the gear" wheels 30 and 3|. With the parts in this'positibii the camsa36zobtain the positionshown in Fig. 4 intwhich :thezdrive shaft is still held in a position to disengage the clutch members 34 and35; 'According ito t-hisadjustment, the movement 'of'the drive :shaft. itB is transmitted through the drive pinion :29, gear wheels'25, 3| and 33 tothe ma-' chine spindle l4. :By sturnin g :the 'cam cylinder to the position shown :in E'ig. L9, =the eccentric shaft 22 is so adjustedzas to iradially displace theigear wheels 25, 31) and 3| outof qtheplane of meshwith the related.gear wheelssandlat the'same time the cams 3.6 :occupyzthe'position shown in Fig.'10 whereby the :motoriand drive shaft 18 are wholly disconnected from the reduction gear. 1 JAC'COIdiIIgWbO the modification of the invention illustrated iin Figs. 11, "13'and 1'4, two pairs of cams 1 33a :and 13% are arranged to reciprocate the shaft l8 and thereby engage and disengage the clutch 3'4 and 35. One cam of each pair is engaged with one side 'face of the outer ring of the bearing '20 'at diametrically-opposite points and the other cams are engaged at corresponding points with the opposite side faces -'of said ring. The cams'are carriedby shafts 31a each provided with a gear "wheel 43c. The oppositely toothed rack bar 5|! ismounted to slide vertically in guides 5| and thel'ower toothed end thereof is arranged between and in mesh with the .gear wheels 4311 of the-pairs 'of cams. The control rod 38a is provided with a oam 'slot 52 receiving a pin 5.3 carried-by the rack'fifljand is so shaped that in an positions of the change speed-gear with the exception of thoseindicated in Figs, 5 and 7 the rack 26 is maintained in such position as to main"- tain the clutch member 35 disengaged from the clutch member 34. i i i What I claim is: 1 e 1. In a driving gear, a spindlega drivingmotor arranged coaxiallyabout said spindle and includ-w ing a rotor, a hollow shaft receiving said spindle, 10 e l shaft with thespindle, a change speed mechaa clutch device for directly coupling the hollow nism .for coupling the hollow shaft with the spindle and including movable gear wheels for varyingthe speed ratios of the hollow shaft and spindle, means common to the gear wheels and the clutch device for adjusting the change speed mechanism for different driving speeds and for engaging said clutch, said common means including a single manipulating member, said manipulating member. being rotatable. l 2. In a driving gear, a spindle, a driving motor arranged coaxially about said spindle and including a rotor, a hollow shaft receiving said spindle, a clutch device for directly coupling the hollow shaft with the spindle, a change speed mechanism for coupling the hollow shaft with the spindle and including movable gear wheels for varying the speed ratios of the hollow shaft and spindle, means common to the gear wheels and the clutch device for adjusting the change speed mechanism for different driving speeds and for engaging said clutch, said common means including a single manipulating member, and a control e rod actuated thereby, said manipulating member being rotatable and said control rod being slidable, one endof the rod moving across said manipulating member during rotation of the latter, and means'on said manipulating member coacting with said rod to indicate the condition of the change speed mechanism and clutch device. 3. In a driving gear, a spindle, a driving motor arranged coaxially about said spindle and including a rotor, a hollow shaftreceiving said spindle, a clutch device for directly coupling the hollow shaft with the spindle, a change speed mechanism for coupling the hollow shaft with the spindle and including movable gear wheels for varying the speed ratios of the hollow shaft and spindle, means common to the gear wheels and the clutch device for adjusting the change speed mechanism for different driving speeds and for engaging said clutch, said common means including a single manipulating member, and a control rod actuated thereby, and mutually coacting means on the manipulating member and I control rod for indicating the condition of the change speed mechanism and the clutch device. X 4. In a driving gear, a machine spindle, a hollow shaft receiving said spindle, a set of intermediate gear wheels mounted for axial and radial movement, a driving connection between the hollow shaft and said gear wheels, gear wheels on the spindle selectively engageable by the gear wheels of said set, and a single control member for imparting combined axial and radial movement to said gear set to move the latter toward and away from the second mentioned gear wheels in both radial and axial planes. e 5. In a driving gear, a machine spindle, a hollow shaft receiving said spindle, a set of inter- H mediate gear wheels, a driving connection between the hollow shaft and said gear wheels, gear wheels on the spindle selectively engageable by the gear wheels of said set, an eccentric support for said gear set adapted during rotation to move the gear'wheels of said set radially with relation to the second mentioned 'gear wheels, means for low shaft receiving said spindle, a set of intermediate gear Wheels, a driving connection between the hollow shaft and said gear wheels, gear wheels on the spindle selectively engageable by the gear wheels of said set, an eccentric support for said gear set adapted during rotation to move the gear wheels of said set radially with relation to the second mentioned gear wheels, means for shifting said set of gear wheels axially into engagement with either of the second mentioned gear wheels and a single control member for actuating the shifting means and the eccentric support, said single control member including a cylinder having a cam groove therein for actuating said shifting member and locking the latter in adjusted position. 7. In a driving gear, a machine spindle, a hollow shaft receiving said spindle, a set of intermediate gear wheels, a driving connection between the hollow shaft and said gear wheels, gear wheels on the spindle selectively engageable by the gear wheels of said set, an eccentric support for said gear set adapted during rotation to move the gear wheels of said set radially with relation to the second mentioned gear wheels, means for shifting said set of gear wheels axially into engagement with either of the second mentioned gear wheels, and a single control member for actuating the shifting means and the eccentric support, said control member including a cylinder having crossed cam grooves therein consisting of straight and inclined portions and a follower carried by said shifting means engaged in and operable by said cam grooves. 8. In a driving gear, a machine spindle, a hollow motor shaft receiving said spindle and axially and rotatably mounted thereon, a clutch device for coupling said shaft with said spindle, and means for moving said shaft axially to engage and disengage said clutch, the last mentioned means including a pair of cam members engaging opposite sides of a part of said shaft, and means for moving said cams in synchronism in either direction to move said shaft in one direction or the other to engage and disengage the clutch device. 9. In a driving gear, a machine spindle, a hollow motor shaft receiving said spindle, and axially and rotatably mounted thereon, a clutch device for coupling said shaft with said spindle, and means for moving said shaft axially to engage and disengage said clutch, the last mentioned means including a pair of cam members engaging opposite sides of a part of said shaft, and means for-moving said cams in synchronism in engaging'opposite sides ofa part "of said shaft, and means formoving said cams in synchronism in either direction to move said shaft in one direction or the other to engage and disengage the clutch device, the last mentioned means including va sliding rod and a rack and pinion device connecting said rod with said cam members. 11'. Adriving gear as claimed in claim 8 charaeterized by the provision of a change speed mechanism for connecting the hollow shaft with the spindle, said means for moving the cams including a control rod, said control rod engaging said change speed mechanism for adjusting the latter, and a single manipulating member for actuating the control member. WILLIAM R. GORHAM.

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Cited By (2)

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    US-2773395-ADecember 11, 1956Rockwell Mfg CoPower transmission mechanisms
    US-4926714-AMay 22, 1990Louis BaileyGear selector for bicycle hub transmission