H. MALY PLANTER Oct. 10, 1939.
4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 23, 1937 Inventor wa ng; M
352m. A iiorneys and H. MALY PLANTER Filed April 23, 1937 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Inventor m A itorneys Oct. 10, 1939. H. MALY 2,175,356
' PLANTEB Filed April 23, 1937 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 hm R p N? o ah Inventor flzziyflazy A fiorneys Oct. 10, 1939. H. MALY 2,175,356
PLANTER Filed April 25, 19s? 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 i Q m i Q m .m N
x M A 3? N fi 3 I Inventor .4 iiorneys Patented Oct. 10, 1939 11" UNITED s ATEs PAT NT I This invention pertains to new and fuseful improvements in planters and more particularly to a planter of the multiplerow type. I
The principal object of the present invention is to provide a planter wherein afertilizing substance can be discharged intothe furrows simultaneously with the seed.
m I I Another important object of the invention is to provide a planter comprising a plurality of furrow wheels, together with novel means for regulating said furrow wheels.
Another important object of the invention is to provide a planter of the hand steered walking attendant type which has substantially allof' the conveniences and attributes of a large size planter. I I I These and various other important objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent to the reader of the following specification. I,
n the drawings: I
Figure 1 represents a top' planview of chine. I
Figure2 is a front elevational view.
Figure 3 is a side elevational view of the machine.
Figure 4 is a longitudinal sectional View through the machine. I I I Figure 5 is a cross sectional view on line 5-5 of Figure 4.
Figure 6 is a fragmentary sectional view disclosing adjusting means. I
Figure 7 is a view in vertical longitudina section through a portion of the machine, showing the means for rockably supporting the frame. I
Referring to the drawings wherein like numerals designate like parts, it can be seen that numeral 5 generally refers to a power unit in the nature of a small tractor of the two wheel type which is provided with a rearwardly extending frame 6, (see Figure 3). The usual horizontal bar I is mounted transversely on the rear end of the tractor frame 6. This bar I is shown in broken lines in Figure 1 of the drawings with the end portions thereof broken away.
The planter constituting the present invention is designated generally by the reference numeral 1 and comprises a pair of castings l8 of suitable metal which are mounted on the end portions of the bar I. Mounted in the castings l8 are substantially L-shaped metallic hangers [6 which terminate in eyes 2 at their lower ends. This is shown to advantage in Figure '7 of the drawings.
Mounted for rocking movement in a vertical the ma- .reference numeral 3.
plane on the lower ends of the hangers l6 is a I I metallic frame which is designated generally by The frame 3 comprises a pair of longitudinal bars 8 and a transverse bar 9 on the rear ends of said bars 8. wheels ID are mounted on the outer ends of the bar 9. vAs also shown to advantage in Figure 7 of the drawings, the frame 3 is mounted on the hangers l6 by means including yokes 4 which slidably embrace the longitudinal bars 8 of said frame. Pins 5| are mounted in the upper portions of the yokes 4 and journaled in the eyes 2 of the hangers Hi. It will thus be seen that the frame 3 is capable of rocking movement onthe hangers l6. The yokes 4 are secured in position on the bars 8 of the frame 3 through the medium of-bolts or, screws 52. The elements 52 are engageable selectively: in openings 53 which are provided therefor in thebars 8. Thus. the frame 3 may be moved forwardly or rearwardly on-the hangers l6. v
Mounted beneath the forward end portions of the frame bars '8 are U members l2 in which an axle H is journaledr Fixed at spaced points on the axle H are furrow-forming wheels l3. Mounted on the frame 3 in back of each furrow wheel I3 is a seed hopper I4. A transversely extending metallic bar 54 supports the seed hoppers l4. Discharge spouts or tubes l5 are provided for the hoppers 14. The discharge of the seed from the hoppers 14 is controlled by slides in the bottoms of said hoppers.
Extending transversely through the lower portions-of the hoppers I4 is a shaft 41. Braces 56 (see Figure 1) from the bars 8 are provided. for the shaft 41 between the hoppers l4. Star wheels 4 6 -are fixed on the shaft 41 for rotation in the lower portions of the hoppers l4. Cranks 50 are fixed on the end portions of the shaft 41. The reference numeral 49 designates similar cranks on the end portions of the axle II. The cranks 49 and 50 are connected through the medium of connecting rods 48. It will thus be seen that the shaft 41 is driven by the furrow wheels l3 through the axle ll, etc.
Covering shoes I9-are provided behind the discharge spouts or tubes l5. Bars or rods 20 connect the covering shoes l9 to the axle H. The forward end portions of the bars or rods 20 are loosely connected to the axle ll through the medium of U bolts 2|. This is best seen in Figure 4 of the drawings.
The reference numeral 33 designates a tank for the reception of a suitable liquid fertilizer which is mounted above the frame 6 of the tractor 5 Ground on supports 32. The supporting structure for the tank 33 further includes braces 35 which extend to the handles 34 of the tractor 5. The reference numeral 36 designates a pair of flexible conduits having one end connected to the tank 33 and their other ends connected to a manifold 23 which is mounted transversely on the frame 3 forwardly of the hoppers l4. Referring again to Figure 7 of the drawings, it will be seen that the manifold 23 is supported by brackets 22 on the bars 8 of the frame 3. Braces 51 are provided for the brackets 22. The brackets 22 terminate in substantially U-shaped upper end portions 58 in which the manifold 23 is clamped through the medium of bolts 59. Straps 25 are secured on the castings l8 by bolts or the like 26. Coil springs 21 have one end secured by the bolts 59 to the upper portions of the brackets 22 and their other ends connected to the straps 25. The straps 25 are provided with a plurality of holes in which the coil springs 21 are selectively engageable, thus regulating the tension of said coil springs. Thus, the pressure of the furrow wheels I 3 and the depth at which said wheels will function may be regulated as desired.
Discharge pipes 28 are connected at one end to the manifold 23. The pipes 28 are provided with regulating or control valves 30. As shown to advantage in Figure 4 of the drawings, the pipes 28 extend downwardly behind the discharge spouts or tubes l5 to the lower end portions of which they are connected by suitable straps or clamps 3|. The pipes 28 further include unions 29'.
Rising from the end portions of the transverse bar 9 of the frame 3 are guides 44 which are provided with braces Bl]. The reference numeral 40 designates an arm which is selectively engageable in the guides 44 and adapted for vertical movement therein. The arm 40 includes an angularly extending inner portion 4| which is pivotally and swivelly connected, as at 42, to a lug or the like 43 which projects rearwardly from the transverse rear bar 9 of the frame 3. At its free end, the arm 40 terminates in an axle 39 on which a marker wheel 38 is journaled. The arm 40 is adapted to rest in either of a pair of forks 31 on the upper ends of the hangers Hi When the marker wheel 38 is not in use. In this manner the marker wheel 38 is supported in a raised out-of-the-way position.
It is thought that the operation of the device will be readily apparent from a consideration of the foregoing. As the machine is drawn over the ground by the tractor 5, said machine travels on the wheels l0 and the furrow wheels l3. Thus, the wheels [3 form furrows in the ground into which seed from the hoppers l4 and fertilizer from the tank 33 are dropped or deposited. The seed and fertilizer are then covered by the shoes I9. The rockable mounting of the frame 3 facilitates the travel of the machine over irregularities. Also, by adjusting the tension of the springs 21 and by shifting the frame 3 on the hangers IS the pressure of the furrow wheels I3, and consequentlythe depth of the furrows formed thereby, may be regulated as desired. Of course, the tendency of the springs 21 is to lift the rear end of the frame 3 thereby exerting downward pressure on the furrow Wheels l3. The marker wheel 38 may be conveniently swung around the rear of the machine for use on either side thereof and the arm 40 engaged in the guide 44 on that side. As hereinbefore stated, when the marker wheel 38 is not in use the arm' 40 is engaged in one of the forks 31.
While the foregoing specification sets forth the invention in specific terms, it is to be understood that changes in the shape, size, and materials may be resorted to without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed hereinafter.
Having described the claimed as new is:
In combination with a power unit of the handsteered walking attendant type, a planter including a substantially U-shaped frame, ground engaging wheels for said frame at opposite sides of the latter and at the closed end of the U, said U-shaped frame having forwardly extending sides, an axle journaled on said sides at the open end of the U, furrow-forming wheels fixed on said axle, castings mounted on the frame of said power unit, substantially L-shaped hangers having vertical end portions extending through said castings, and substantially horizontal end portions clamped to the said forwardly extending side members of the planter frame, seed distributing means mounted on the planter frame, liquid fertilizer distributing means carried by the planter frame and adapted to feed liquid fertilizer in conjunction with the seed distributing means behind the furrow-forming wheels and. into the furrows formed by said wheels, said seed distributing means including mechanism for controlling the discharge of seed therefrom, power transmission means operatively connecting said seed discharge mechanism with the aforementioned axle, a marker wheel supporting arm connected at one end thereof to said frame and adapted to be swung to a position on either side of said frame, a marker wheel on the free end invention, what is of said arm, and means on each side of the frame Y for supporting said arm in either position.