Liquid level control system

Abstract

Claims

Inventor: .Juhn 1 mamas. Nov. 7, 1939. .1. v. THOMAS LIQUID LEVEL CONTROL SYSTEM Filed May 19, 1937 Patented Nov. 7, 1939 UNITED STATES 2,118,866 LIQUID LEVEL common SYSTEM John V. Thomas, Altadena, Calif., .assignor to Natural Gas Equipment Inc., Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of California Application May 19, 1937, SerialNo. 143,485 ' 14 7 Claims. This invention has to do with liquid level control systems operating to maintain a body of liquid tat predetermined level by controlling the liquid supply thereto in accordance with variations in that level. It will be understood that the invention is generally applicable to liquid level control systems for various purposes and in different types of equipment, but for convenience of description I have shown and will hereinafter describe a typical embodiment of the invention in the form of a boiler feed water regulating system. 'In certain of its aspects the invention may be regarded as an improvement in the type of liquid level control disclosed in Patent No. 2,013,222,issued September 3, 1935, to me on Pressure control apparatus. Generally speaking, the patented and present systems include a main control valve in the supply line leading to the liquid containing chamber, some pressure responsive means, such as v a diaphragm, operatively associated with the main control valve, and a pilot valve device that operates in response to a float or other means that moves in accordance with changes in the liquid level, to control communication of a pressure fluid to the diaphragm. According to the patented system, the diaphragm operating fluid preferably comprises a gas supplied from a suit able source to the pilot valve mechanism, and the 30 latter operates in response to movement of the float in one direction to communicate the pressure fluid to the main valve controlling diaphragm, and operates in response to opposite movement of the floatto release the operating fluid pressure from the diaphragm. During the last mentioned operation the operating fluid may be released to the atmosphere or through a line to other disposition. It may also be mentioned that the patent shows a maincontrol valve of a type requiring closely fitting parts to prevent liquid leakage from the valve body along the valve operating rod. Among the principal objects of my present invention is to provide a system-of the general character described,,in which the main valve operating fluid is released or vented under control of the pilot valve, into the liquid body whose level is under. control, instead of being discharged to the atmosphere or elsewhere. the so-called operating fluid will consist of liquid taken from the supply line at the high pressure side of the main control valve. Thus in a boiler feed water control system, the main valve controlling diaphragm is operated by water pres-- Preferably, andmost conveniently in the majority of situations, sure through a connection with the supply line, a and as the pressure on the diaphragm is released, water is vented under control of the pilot valve into the boiler. Another important feature of the invention is the provision of both a main control valve and pilot valve mechanism so constructed as to eliminate possibility of fluid leakage and the necessity for providing stufllng boxes or accurately close fitting parts. The above mentioned general objects of the invention, as well as additional features and the details of a typical and preferred embodiment thereof, will more fully be understood from the following description. Reference is had throughout the description to the accompanying drawing, in which: Fig. 1 is a general view showing the float mechanism and associated parts connected to the main valve regulator; and Fig. 2 is'an enlarged fragmentary view showing the pilot valve mechanism in section. In Fig. l, numeral l indicates the boiler feed water supply line connecting at H with the-usual water chamber of a boiler, a fragmentary portion of the shell of which is indicated at l2. The supply line may contain a suitable check valve, typically shown at 13, to prevent return flow oi.- water from the boiler. The main control valve [4 comprises a body- I5 containing a valve 16 movable vertically with relation to its seat I I to control the water supply to the boiler, the valve having a depending guide portion 18 working within the seat. The valve I6 is operated by a diaphragm I9 clamped between body sections 20 and 2| interconnected by screws 22. The valve rod 23 may be .connected to or operatively associated withthe diaphragm in any suitable manner, ' thoughtypically it is shownto carry at its upper end a disk or plate 24 that is maintained in en- 'gagement with the diaphragm by a coil spring 25 confined between body shoulder 26 and aguide 21, the latter having a spider or other open shape permitting communication between chamber 28 beneath the diaphragm and the interior 29 of the body. .As will later appear; valve I6 is moved in a closing direction by communication of pressure Chambers 28 and 29 are placed in communication with the supply line at the low pressure side Illa of the valve. by a suitable connection, for example a passage 3| in the body, so that the under side pressure in Illa, and which, normally, is substantially boiler pressure. As will be apparent, this construction obviates any necessity for having to pack off or provide close fitting surfaces between the valve rod and body, to prevent liquid leakage, as is ordinarily required. The upward thrust of spring 25 need be no greater than is required for prompt operation of the valve when the pressures applied to opposite faces of the diaphragm are substantially equalized, as is the case during opening of the valve. The float operated mechanism, generally denoted at 33, comprises a hollow housing 34 connected by pipes 35 and 35 to the water chamber of the boiler above and below the normal water level. One end of the housingis closed by a removable plate 31 attached to the housing flange38 by screws 39. Arm 48 of the float 4| is pivotally attached at 42 to a lug, or pair of lugs 43, integral with plate31. The pilot valve mechanism 44 includes a combination of diaphragm and valve parts operatively associated with the float mechanism, and one of the features of the pilot valve mounting is the elimination of the necessity'for a stufling box or other packing to seal oil the operative connection between the float and the pilot valve parts. Referring particularly to Fig. 2, the pilot valve mechanism advantageously may be mounted on the float housing closure plate 31 so as to be removable therefrom, and if desired, to be removable together with plate 31 from the housing 34. The mechanism 44 comprises a body 45 having an annular flange 45 fitted within and securedto plate 31 by screws 41. A diaphragm 48 having its opposite faces exposed to chambers 49 and 55, is clamped between flange 45' and the opposing face of plate 31. A bore 5|, extending continuously through the body 45 from chamber 49, communicates with passages 52 and 53, the - latter connecting via port 54 withchamber-49. Passage 52 is connected by line 55 with the main supply line I0 at some suitable point 55 at the high pressure side "lb of the valve |4. Passage 53 communicates with chamber 38 above diaphragm l9 in the main valve regulator by way of line 51 connecting at 58 with the 20 of the regulator body. Bore 5| in the pilot valve body 45 contains a longitudinally movable compoundvalve element 50 having an enlarged head 5| normally engag- I ing the outer end of a stationary tubular seat 52. The head 5| forms a valve that is'yieldably held against its seat by a coil spring 53 bearing against plug 54, the. latter being adjustable to'vary the force of the spring. The opposite tapered end 55 of the valve element 53 seats against a tubular dem arrangement that both are seated whenthe diaphragm 48 is in its normal or undeflected position; also that slight movement of the diaphragm in either direction will cause one or the other of the valves 5| and'55 to unseat, according to the direction in which the diaphragm is moved. 7 j anaeee of the diaphragm I9 is at all times exposed o the top section In considering the operation of the system, assume that the boiler is being filled with water and the water level therein is rising toward its normal height, and the upwardly projecting finger 12 carried by the pivoted float arm 40, is approaching engagement 'with the end of rod 51'. During this time the main regulator valve- I5, is held open by spring 25, no operating fluid being communicated to the main diaphragm chamber 30 since the valve 5| remains seated to close of! the communication of operating fluid pressure to line 51. As the liquid within the boiler and float housing 34 further approaches its normal level, finger 12 comes into engagement with rod 51 and tends to move the diaphragm 48 and valve element 50 in a direction that will unseat valve 5|. Such movement of the parts, however, is resisted by the operating fluid pressure applied to the surface of the diaphragm within chamber 49. Accordingly, valve 5| will remain seated until the liquid level rises to the predetermined height at which the buoyancy of the float transmits suflicient pressure to the diaphragm by way of finger 12 and rod 51, to overcome the resisting fluid pressure within'chamber 49. Thereupon, valve 5| opens to permit the flow of liquid from line 55 through the clearance space 13 and passage 53 to line 51 to the main diaphragm cham ber 30. The resultant application of pressure to the top surface of diaphragm l9 moves the valve IS in a closing direction, reducing the rate of water feed to the boiler. When the normal operating liquid level is established, valve 5| closes underthe influence of spring 53 to again out of! the communication of pressure from line 55 to line 51. finger 12 is swung away from the pilot valve assembly, causing the pressure in chamber 49 to move the diaphragm and rod' 51 toward the left, unseating valve 55 and permitting liquid in line 51 to vent through passage 10 and chamber 50 into the float housing. The resultant lowering in the pressure applied to the main regulator diaphragm causes valve I5 to open under the influence ofofi communication between passage 53 and the f vent passage 15 extending. through the diaphragm. It should be mentioned that the pressure differential in line- III at opposite sides of the main valve I5 is sufllcient to cause the valve to close when the pressure at the inlet side Iflb of the valve is communicated to diaphragm chamber .30 as described in'the foregoing. That is to say, the pressure applied to diaphragm 9 from the supply. lineat the high pressure side lllb of the valve, will be suflicientlyin excess of the combined upwardly applied pressures of spring 25 and the liquid communicated to diaphragm chamber 28, to cause the valve to close. By reason of the operative relationship between valves 5| and 55 in the pilot valve mechanism, the entire system is made extremely sensitivein its response to variations in the normal water level. A slight raising or lowering of the water level will cause the pilot valve mechanism instantlyto produce a compensating influence upon the main regulator. As a result, the system operates to maintain at all times a predetermined liquid level within a'very narrow range of fluctuation. I claim: 1. In a liquid level control system, a hollow housing having a removable end closure, a float within said housing, and a float operated va1ve device mounted on said housing, said device comprising a body having a fluid inlet and an outlet, a float actuated diaphragm, and valve means actuated byvirtue of the float and diaphragm movement and controlling the flow of fluid from said inlet to the outlet and operating to release fluid from within said body into said housing. 2. Ina liquid level control system, a hollow housing having a removable end closure, a float within said housing, and a float operated valve device mounted on said housing, said device comprising a body having a fluid inlet and an outlet, a float actuated diaphragm, and valve means actuated by virtue of the float and diaphragm fluid from within said body through the diaphragm into said housing. 3. In a liquid level control system, a hollow housing having a removable end closure, a float within said housing, and a float operated valve device applied to said closure, said device comprising a body having a fluid inlet and an outlet, a float actuated diaphragm, and valve means actuated by virtue of the float and diaphragm movement and controlling the flow of fluid from said inlet to the outlet and operating to release fluid from within' said body into said housing. 4. In a liquid level controlsystem, a hollow housing having 'a removable end closure, a float within said housing, and a float operated valve device applied to said closure, said device comprising a body having a fluid inlet and an outlet, a float actuated diaphragm clamped between said end closure and the body, and valve means actuated by virtue of the float and diaphragm movement and controlling the flow of fluid from said inlet to the outlet and operating to release fluid from within said body into said housing. 5. In a liquid level control system, 'a hollow housing having a removable. end closure, a float within said housing, and a float operated valve deviceapplied to said closure, said device, com-. 6. In a liquid level control system, a hollow. housing'having a removable end closure, a float within said housingand pivotally mounted on said end closure, and a float operated valve device applied tosaid closure, said device comprising a body having a fluid inlet and an outlet, a float actuated diaphragm, and valve means actuated by virtue of the float and diaphragm movement and controlling the flow of fluid from said inlet to theioutlet and operating to release fluid from within said body through the diaphragm into said housing. 7 7. In a liquid level control system, a hollow housing, a float within said housing, and a float' operated valve device, said device comprising a body having a fluid inlet and an outlet, a float 8. In a liquid level control system, a hollow housing, a float within said housing, and a float operated valve. device, said device comprising a body having a fluid inlet and an outlet, a float actuated diaphragm, and valve means including a valve movable relative to the diaphragm and actuated by virtue of the float and diaphragm movement,'said valve means controlling the flow of fluid from said inlet to the outlet and operating, to release fluid from within said body into said housing, and yielding means resisting movement of said valve. 9. In a liquid level control system, a hollow housing, a float within said housing, and a float operated valve device, said device comprising a body having a fluid inlet and an outlet, a float actuated diaphragm, and valve means actuated by virtue of the float and diaphragm movement and controlling the flow of fluid from said inlet to the outlet and operating to release fluid from within said body through the diaphragm into said housing. 10. In a liquid level control system, a chamber to which liquid is supplied, a float movable in accordance with variations of the liquid level in said chamber, a float operated pilot valve device comprising a body having a fluid inlet and an diaphragm movement and controlling the flow of liquid from said inlet to the outlet, and 'means for releasing said liquid from the body into the liquid contained in said chamber when said float assumes a predetermined level and for closing off such release of the liquid when a different level. 11. In a system for controlling the feediof liquid to a boiler or the like, a float movable in accordance with variations of the'liquid level in said boiler, a float operated pilot valve device comprising a body having a fluid inlet and an outlet, means for delivering boiler feed liquid to said inlet, a float actuated diaphragm, valve means actuated by virtue of the float and diaphragm movement and controlling the flow of liquid from said inlet to the outlet, and means for releasing liquid from said body intothe liquid contained in the boiler. I 12. In ,a system for controlling the feed of liquid to a boiler or the like, a float movable in accordance with variations of the liquid level in said boiler, a float operated pilot valve device comprising a body having a fluid inlet and an outlet, means for delivering boiler feed liquid to said inlet, a float actuated diaphragm, valve means actuated by virtue of the float and dia- -phragm movement and controlling the flow of liquid from said inlet to theputlet, and means for releasing liquid under control of said valve means from within said body between said inlet and outlet into the liquid contained in the boiler. 13. In a system vfor controlling the feed of liquid to a boiler or the like, a float movable in accordance with variations of the liquid level in said boiler, a float operated pilot valve device comprising a body having a fluid inlet and an outlet, means for delivering boiler feed liquid the float assumes to said inlet, a. float actuated diaphragm, valve an outlet, means for delivering chamber supply liquid to said inlet, a float actuated diaphragm, valve means actuated by virtue of the float and diaphragm movement and controlling the flow of liquid from said inlet to the outlet, and means for releasing said liquid from the body through the diaphragm'i'nto the liquid contained in said chamber when said float assumes a predetermined level and for closing off such release of the liquid when the float assumes a dif 10 ferent level. JOHN V. THOMAS.

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Cited By (6)

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    US-2631601-AMarch 17, 1953Watts Regulator CoControl responsive to fluid level
    US-2643670-AJune 30, 1953Grove Regulator CompanyLiquid flow system and apparatus
    US-2726674-ADecember 13, 1955Parker Appliance CoFilling attachment for fuel tanks for airplanes
    US-2735442-AFebruary 21, 1956kenney
    US-2962041-ANovember 29, 1960George M MunsonBrine tank control system and valve for water softeners
    US-3304738-AFebruary 21, 1967Armstrong Machine WorksValve apparatus with float means